July 12, 2022 Last updated July 12th, 2022 917 Reads share

An A to Z Guide on Technical SEO for Your Website

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Table of Contents

What is technical SEO?
Why is technical SEO important?
Guide on how to do technical SEO
Website PageSpeed
Site structure
Check for indexing & crawling errors
Website security
Structured data
Duplicate content
Mobile responsiveness
Conclusion

The various disciplines of Search Engine Optimization can be divided into 4 different categories, namely, on-page SEO, off-page SEO, local SEO, and YouTube SEO.

If you are a business owner or marketer you should master each of these types of SEO, depending on your business’ needs.

In this article, you will learn about technical SEO – a subset of on-page SEO, its importance, and some basic technical SEO tips that you should follow.

What is technical SEO? 

If you’re building a new website or doing an SEO audit of an existing site, technical SEO will form part of the process.

Briefly, technical SEO is the process of optimizing the technical aspects of a website with the goal of improving a site’s crawlability, indexability, and ability to render properly.

seo crawler
Image source: SearchEngineJournal

Some key aspects of technical SEO include optimizing a site’s loading speed, checking mobile responsiveness, optimizing site structure, and checking that the website is submitted to Google.

Why is technical SEO important?

SEO is a competitive field and achieving high rankings is getting more challenging as time progresses. 

Because of this, webmasters should do everything in their power to create websites that search engine crawlers and algorithms love. 

This is where technical SEO comes into play. The main focus of technical SEO is to optimize a website for search engine robots specifically. 

Guide on how to do technical SEO

Here are some tips on how you can perform technical SEO for your website. 

Website PageSpeed 

Improving a website’s loading speed is probably one of the main focus points of technical SEO.

This is because a site’s loading speed is a direct ranking signal. Additionally, a slow website loading speed results in higher bounce rates compared to a fast loading speed.

Here are some tips on how to improve loading speed.

Optimize images and other media

Large images have a negative effect on the loading speed of a website. By reducing the size of images and other on-page media, webmasters will decrease the webpage size

As a result, the page will be lighter and will load faster.

Take advantage of a Content Delivery Network

A CDN, or Content Delivery Network, is a system that stores website data and files in locations all over the world. This is useful in improving a site’s loading speed because the CDN serves the website files from the server that is nearest to the location of the visitor.

cloudflare cdn

Keep HTTP redirects to a minimum

Each time a page redirects to another page, it increases the time it takes for the webpage to be completely loaded. 

So, try to minimize the total number of unnecessary redirects on your website to improve loading speed.

Utilize browser caching

Caching is the process of storing copies of website files such as images, CSS and Javascript files, cookies, and stylesheets on the visitor’s browser or a server. 

Caching reduces the time it takes to load a page because the browser doesn’t have to completely reload the entire page each time the user visits the website. 

Site structure

A website’s structure, commonly referred to as a site’s architecture, plays a role in how easy it is for search engines to crawl and find all the pages of a site. 

Your website’s structure refers to the way you organize the pages on your site. It deals with the way that webmasters categorize and link to content and pages on a website.  

To help search engines to find all the pages on your site, make sure to optimize your site structure. You can do this by following these suggestions:

  • Creating logical URL structures such as www.domain.com/blog/technical-seo or www.domain.com/services/technical-seo. Both these URLs give the search engine a clear indication of what the pages are about, one is referring to a piece of content and the other is referring to technical SEO services that the business may be providing. 
  • Use category pages to group related pieces of content, products, or services. For example, when creating a service page add it to the correct parent page, something like www.domain.com/services/web-design instead of allocating it to an unrelated page such as www.domain.com/about-us.
  • Link to relevant internal pages. Webmasters can and should link to internal pages, even if pages have different intent. For instance, if you’re selling SEO services, you can link to your main page selling your SEO services from the About page or in blog posts. 
  • Don’t bury important pages. The most important pages of your website should be easy to find. The general rule of thumb is that the most important pages should be accessible within 2 to 3 clicks from any page on the site. To avoid this, you should try and create a “flat” site structure, instead of having too many internal subpages. 

Check for any indexing & crawling errors

This next phase of technical SEO is to find any URLs that have had difficulty being crawled and found by Google. 

To find these pages, go to your website’s Google Search Console dashboard. Once logged in, click on Coverage Report to find and view any pages that have may have errors. 

gsc coverage

coverage gsc

Another way that you can ensure that Google indexes and crawls all of your pages is by submitting an XML sitemap of your website. This is an especially good idea if you’ve recently overhauled your website’s structure. 

To submit a new sitemap, click on the Sitemaps tab on the left of your Google Search Console dashboard. 

sitemap gsc

Website security

Google takes the safety of its users seriously, and you should too. Google is so serious about safety that it added it as a ranking factor in 2014.

Because of this, make sure that your website is secure by setting up an SSL certificate for your website.

To check if your website has a valid SSL certificate, simply check to see if there’s a lock on the left side of the search bar in the browser. Furthermore, if a website URL starts with “https://” instead of “http://”, then the website is safe to use. 

ssl

Structured data

Structured data tells search engines exactly what your page is about. Structured data should be used on product pages and content pages. 

For instance, if you’ve got a cooking blog featuring various recipes, you can use structured data to tell search engines this. By using structured data on your blog, some of the recipe elements and/or information will be visible on the search results page.

structured data

Structured data can also be used on product pages to give some information about the products such as customer reviews, availability, colors, etc.

structured data products

To implement structured data on your website, visit Schema.org to find all the structured data code that you can add to your page(s).

Duplicate content

You should do your best to avoid creating duplicate content on your website. The reason for this is that duplicate content can confuse search engines. If 2 pages are the same, which one should the search engine rank higher?

To combat this issue, webmasters can use the canonical tag, written as “rel=canonical”, to tell the search engines which page to prioritize when deciding which of the duplicates to show in the search results. 

Mobile responsiveness

If your website isn’t responsive on mobile devices, then you might be losing out on valuable rankings. This is because Google started promoting mobile-friendly websites over non-mobile-friendly websites in 2016. 

mobile responsiveness
Image source: Google

To test if your website is responsive, you can use Google’s mobile-friendly test

 

Conclusion

Performing technical SEO means that you optimize your website for search engines specifically. 

By following the technical SEO best practices that we’ve outlined in this article, you’ll be able to optimize your website for search engine crawlers.

Ruben Rogers

Ruben Rogers

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