It’s easy to get approval for the best credit cards in the market if you have great credit.
But for people who have had some severe credit problems in the past or those who have no credit and are trying to build one for the first time, getting a credit card is a formidable task. They would often ask the help of a cosigner.
How Does Cosigning for a Credit Card Work?
A cosigner is someone with (usually) a decent credit who formally agrees to pay back a certain debt if the primary debtor is not able to pay it back. Technically, the cosigner becomes a guarantor and a joint account holder so that the lender has a fallback option to collect the debt.
In a credit card cosigning situation, there will be two involved parties with regard to the use of the card and the repayment of any outstanding card debt:
- The primary cardholder. The primary cardholder enjoys the same privileges and obligations as any credit cardholder. This includes paying back all credit card debts that he incurs while using the card. In case the credit cardholder can’t repay the debt, the payment obligation transfers to the credit card cosigner (similar to what happens to a cosigner in a loan).
- The cosigner. A credit card cosigner assumes the same responsibility and liability as with any other type of debt. If the primary cardholder cannot (or refuses to) pay the credit card debt, the card company will demand payment from the cosigner.
Typically, signing as a cosigner means being on board for the entire term of the account.
You can’t quit from being a cosigner later just because you realize that it was a risky financial decision. Some lenders may include a cosigner release clause, but this only applies to some types of loans such as student loans.
In such a case, when the primary account holder is able to show he/she is a responsible borrower and timely with payments, the lender can release the cosigner from liability.
Co-Signers: The Things You Should Consider
Here are the main things you should consider when co-signing a credit card:
Co-Signers Are Responsible for Loan Repayment
Being a cosigner means more than vouching for someone’s ability to repay a credit card debt. It also means taking full responsibility to repay the debt in case the primary account holder fails to make payment.
If the cardholder stops paying the card company, you will become responsible for assuming the monthly payments.
In the case of debts such as an auto loan, the lender might repossess and sell the vehicle in case the primary borrower defaults on the loan. Depending on which state you are in, in case of default, the lender could file a case against both the borrower and cosigner. In case the lender wins in court, he could try to garnish your bank account or wages or attach a lien on your properties including your own home.
The Credit Bureaus Will Tie the User’s Credit Score to Your Credit Score
When you cosign for somebody’s debt, the credit bureaus will treat you the same as the main borrower. This means that the transaction will reflect on your credit history as well as in the credit history of the main borrower. If the borrower does any of the things that affect a credit score, it will also affect yours. So, if he misses payment deadlines, use too much of the credit limit or incur too much debt in relation to his income, your credit score will bear the impact of these negative actions.
You must remember this before you agree to help somebody along these lines. Once you cosign for a borrower, you should make sure that he can make the payment on time and he does it consistently. If that is something that your schedule or situation will not permit, then you should best decline to protect yourself.
Although the loan agreement does not specifically spell it out, being a cosigner could mean babysitting the main borrower until he pays back the loan. After all, your credit in the one on the line in this scenario.
Can Affect Your Relationship
You may have agreed to cosign a loan or a credit card to help one of your family members. This is a good investment to enhance and strengthen your relationship with them. While this may be a family matter, you still need to take precautions because, in the end, a misunderstanding because of money or unpaid debts can do a lot of damage to the relationship.
There is a high percentage of borrowers who fail to pay their credit, get buried in debt and go through financial difficulties.
It could happen to anyone and your family member (who you want to help) is not at all immune to this. In case the borrower fails to pay the debt and defaults or even if he only skips one or two payments, it could still strain your relationship. Of course, you can wish that it doesn’t happen but the possibility is always there. And in case the situation does happen, we hope it does not permanently damage the relationship.
You Can Also Get Monthly Statements
Lenders will normally send monthly statements just to the primary borrower.
If you’re a cosigner for a credit card and the bank is not sending you the statements, you can ask the card company to start sending you a copy of the monthly statements. By being able to check the statements regularly, you can see if the borrower is missing his payments.
5 Important Tips for Co-Signers
In case you are in a situation where you can’t refuse a request to be a cosigner for a loan, you should take steps to offset potential troubles. Here are 5 ways to protect yourself:
Check the Account Balance From Time to Time
Whether it’s your child, a brother, another relative or friend, the borrower might still have very elementary personal finance skills. For this reason, you should monitor the account online just to make sure that payments come in on time. (Before you give your signature, you should make sure that this is something that you will be able to do.)
You can arrange with the lender to send you text, email or phone alerts to remind you when the payment is due and when the card company has already posted the payment. This way, you can monitor the account without taking too much of your time and gives you enough lead when it’s necessary to step in and do some remedial actions.
Review the Agreement Together
It would be very good if you can sit down with the prospective borrower and talk about the implications of not being able to make credit payments on time. Go through the agreement together to make sure he understands the relevant provisions.
Once you get your hands on the card application or loan contract, read it over together. You have to really know what you will be getting into. The two of you should have a clear understanding of the terms, especially the due dates for the monthly payments and the penalties and consequences of paying late. Such meticulous preparation should help the primary borrower understand how to responsibly manage the account and what he needs to do to keep the account in good standing.
Advise him or her to not go beyond 30% of the credit limit and to pay off everything each month (on time) to avoid fees, interest, charges, and harm to both your credit scores.
Sometimes, you want to believe that your relationship is so strong that when something wrong happens, it will remain stable. The truth is, money issues have severed many close ties because a debt that a borrower does not pay could severely impact a relationship in the most negative way. It’s a reality you have to accept and proof of that are the hundreds of relationships that a situation like this has broken.
What would give the lender peace of mind if the applicant is a rookie borrower or one who has had past debt problems? Having collateral on hand, that’s what. If you’ve helped someone get an auto loan, you could ask for a spare set of keys to the car and his consent that if he doesn’t make his payments on time, you can take action. You can take possession of the car and either sell it to pay off the debt or assume the loan payments on it.
For a credit card, you can ask to temporarily keep an item of value such as a piece of jewelry. If the credit card holder defaults on the payments, you can sell it and apply the proceeds to the outstanding balance.
Think About Yourself First
You may be the kind of person who can’t refuse anyone asking for help but before you co-sign any loan, think of your own financial interest first.
You may be in that stage when your credit score could not afford to take a hit because you’re setting yourself up for a big loan like a home mortgage. Or maybe you’re in the middle of a transition such that the home budget has gone down a little, you might want to pass on cosigning on someone’s credit card and positioning yourself to a possible unplanned debt or expense.
Have an Exit Plan
Any banker or financial advisor would tell you that any time you take out a loan, you should plan out in advance an exit strategy.
Do you have some arrangements in place to get the card paid off in a few years? What makes you so confident that you can easily retire this line of credit one day? Is there a way to close the account unilaterally later or at least a remedy to stop future charges? Will the lender inform you if there is an increase in the line of credit or interest rate?
You should know the answers to these questions before you co-sign anything. Also, make sure that the lender will give you online access, or at least mail paper copies of the statements to you so you can keep tracking of the account.
credit card payment -DepositPhotos