Finance April 17, 2019 Last updated April 12th, 2019 2,656 Reads share

6 Major Applications of Data Science in Finance

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The field of finance has witnessed many changes in recent days on a technological level. The uses of machine learning, artificial intelligence, and data science in finance have expanded significantly due to the need for solutions to complex issues. With the advancement of technology, it is now possible to generate massive volumes of data about customers and their preference. The traditional methods of database management are no longer sufficient to deal with this large volume of data. This is the main reason why data science has emerged to be a major thing in finance.


Data science focuses on dealing with large data sets and generating meaningful insights from them. Most of the data we generate today are either semi-structured or unstructured. Data science focuses on processing this complex data and deriving solutions to various complex problems. The insights generated with the help of data science can be used for various purposes. In this article, let’s discuss some of the notable applications of data science in the field of finance.

1. Improving Customer Experience

Various industries in the financial sector aim to improve the experience offered to their customers. The growth of these industries relies on customer satisfaction to a great extent. The insights generated with the help of data science can help companies provide personalized services to their customers by understanding their preferences. For example, BankBazaar which is a financial aggregate site has beautifully designed its check eligibility slides to provide a customized product offering to its users. These historical data generated from customers can be analyzed in a better way and tailor-made solutions can be provided for various issues. Moreover, these insights can also be helpful in selling personalized products suitable for various customers. Based on this, companies can cross-sell products and achieve higher growth and profitability.

2. Risk Management

The financial sector is prone to various risks caused by various things like delinquency, fraud, market fluctuations, money laundering, etc. Data science can provide a solution to companies that are frequently affected by these issues. The machine learning algorithms used in data science can predict these risks and provide an early warning to the companies involved. For banks and non-banking financial companies, data science can analyze the pattern of defaults and predict the risk of delinquency. Data science can also be helpful in analyzing transactions in real-time and raising red flags about any kinds of suspicious activities. This way, it is possible to prevent financial crime in real-time rather than waiting for it to occur.

3. Business Process Automation

Business process automation is considered to be the next big thing in the field of finance. Data science and machine learning are expected to play a major role in implementing business process automation in various industries. For instance, analyzing the risk profile of a customer is a key factor in the insurance industry. Data science can help companies evaluate the risk profile of a person in real-time based on the information they provide. In a similar way, data science can be used to evaluate customer complaints and understand the root cause of an issue rather than providing case-by-case fixes.

4. Personalized Marketing

Marketing is one of the major areas of finance. Financial service providers constantly look for ways to improve their visibility in the market and expand their reach. Technology can play a major role in achieving this task. Nowadays, companies are no short of data about their customers and their target audience. However, appealing to them in the right way is another big issue that most companies face. Data science can help identify the specific preferences of customers and market to them directly. Analyzing big data can also help companies determine the creditworthiness of their customers and market to them accordingly.

5. Algorithmic Trading

A lot of companies in the financial sector engage in algorithmic trading. This involves dealing with a large order with the help of pre-programmed algorithms. This helps companies deal with a large number of customers on a real-time basis. Here, the data is available only for a short period of time. Hence, it is necessary to be competitive in this sector with the fastest possible way of analyzing it. The artificial intelligence technology used for this purpose evolves constantly and provides the best possible service to customers. New technologies are being incorporated here every day and it is no longer difficult to process huge volumes of information instantly.

6. Operational Efficiency and Self-Service

Operational efficiency in various financial industries is one of the major benefits and reason why data science matters most for fin-techs. The historical data available with various companies can be used to predict future needs. This can be very helpful in streamlining the operations of a company. Self-service is another major area that has witnessed significant growth lately. Customers now prefer to take care of the basic services by themselves without the need of a third party. Data science helps customers with this need and enables them to take care of their specific needs by themselves. Data science has also enabled employees in an organization to come up with innovative ideas that could result in growth.


Various companies in the financial sector are now realizing the opportunities present through data science techniques. The data generated by various financial industries are enormous, and this requires powerful analytical methods. Most importantly, the usage of data science provides a huge competitive advantage for various companies. With the success of machine learning and data science, companies are now exploring the alternative uses of this technology to improve their operations and satisfy their customers. Many experts believe that data science is likely to play a major role in the future.

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Pabitra Moharana

Pabitra Moharana

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