Facebook Advertising: What We Can Learn From Ford And GM?
In early May, GM made a big announcement. Not about a new product line or a CEO or the kind of financial difficulties that were such big news just a few years ago, but about their decision to pull $10 million of their advertising off of Facebook. Their reasoning: they weren’t getting a return on their investment, the kind of attention they were so used to measuring using traditional means.
And, because the world is a place of irony, this of course got them a lot of attention in the media, especially when Ford Tweeted in response: “It’s all about the execution. Our Facebook ads are effective when strategically combined with engaging content & innovation.”
And so, the great GM vs. Ford social wars began. Which one has it right, and what can we learn from their mentality, strategies, and results?
Marketing is no longer a one way street
While Henry Ford may have pioneered the industrial technology that revolutionized the auto industry in the early 1900s, GM is the company that’s stuck with an assembly line mentality. It still believes that advertising is a one way street, devoting $2.8 billion domestically and $3.9 billion globally to its overall advertising budget in 2010, making them the 3rd largest advertiser in the US. They carry this mentality into the social media sphere, using a “build it and they’ll come” approach without investing time or money into promoting engagement on the diverse channels through which consumers connect with brands.
For instance, GM developed a pretty cool initiative – the Chrevolet Plant a Tree Campaign - in which they promised to plant a tree for every one virtual tree planted by a user on an app they developed. But they promoted this app not by, say, producing a video on youtube and posting it to their Facebook page, tweeting out frequent messages about the program and retweeting involved users, or doing any of the constant, repeated and multi-channel efforts that comprise a tight social media campaign. They posted a message about it once and left it at that.
Know what social media is and can do
It may sound like a small thing, but this example unveils a fundamental misunderstanding about what social media is and can do. As Scott Monty, Head of Social Media at Ford, articulates so cogently in this PowerPoint presentation, social media is about humanizing a company and increasing engagement. It’s not a place to post an ad and wait for the dollars to roll in. It’s a place where trust is built based on accessibility, transparency and authenticity. It’s about building relationships.
That takes time, effort, money, and patience
Think about this way. Social media (Facebook in particular) is a place where people hang out with their friends. If you’re the new kid on the block and you think the kids goofing off in that corner are the coolest, there are two ways you can try to get them to trust you and let you in:
- Walk right up to them and say, “Hi. I’m a really fantastic person and I think you’ll enjoy my many positive features, including by not limited to my sense of humor, my brilliant smile, my intelligence, and my general success in life. Offer valid for a limited time only.”
- Hang out near them, thinking of witty things to say when it’s appropriate, listening to them and letting them know when you’ve heard about something really cool that would be relevant or fun for them attend.
How do we know GM is #1 and Ford is #2?
Just take a look at the differences between GM and Ford’s Facebook pages. While GM features four slick, magazine-esque close-ups of its logo, Ford features twelve different ways that users can engage with their brand. That’s twelve different opportunities for users to connect with like-minded people, access the brand they follow and share quality content with friends (i.e. potential customers), and it’s all right there on Ford’s Facebook page.
Traditional strategies and measurements alone don’t work
If you’re saying, “True, but this all relates to the unpaid aspects of a Facebook presence, not Facebook ads,” you’re right. The click through rates (CTR) for Facebook banner ads are dismal, especially in comparison to Google, whose users are 10 times more likely to click on its banners than on Facebook. Even worse, 57% of Facebook users admitting to never clicking through on ads or sponsored content.
But this again points to a lack of understanding about what social media is and how people engage with it. People go to Google already motivated to find a theory, explanation, product or service, while people go to Facebook to connect or catch up with friends. That means they spend far less time on Google than on Facebook (53.5 billion minutes vs. 12.5 billion minutes for Google in May 2011), so any measurement of CTR ignores the effect of simply having a banner in a user’s consciousness for hours at a time.
This means that CTR is far less important on Facebook as it is on Google. Facebook ads are not about providing a solution that’s urgent to the user right now. It’s about raising a brand’s presence in a user’s mind so that when they do need that solution, that brand will be the first to come to mind.
That’s why Facebook ads are just one part of a greater social media, content and engagement strategy
A surprising or compelling yet traditional Facebook ad might not be clicked on, but it will drive traffic to a brand’s Facebook page, and it can be used to promote engaging content a brand has produced on other channels. This could be a microsite that promotes a wedding roadtrip contest or a video contest to win a Ford Fiesta. Whatever the strategy, advertising is no longer just about driving users to the product. It’s about driving users to the content that will drive them to the product. It’s about fitting a brand into a larger relationship, trust-based, content-rich strategy.
GM should know this, given how important trust is to their big-ticket item industry, where people buy based on relationships rather than on impulse.
So, what can the marketing would and the automotive industry learn from Ford & GM’s very different experiences with Facebook advertising?
- According to Mike Priestner, CEO of dealer network GoAuto, “We need to understand what social media is and is not.” Mike’s tips for were:
- Focus on developing rich, engaging, quality content.
- Engage regularly in conversations with your users.
- Don’t use a build it and they will come mentality. Promote on multiple channels.
- Don’t just measure CTR. Measure engagement.
- Be patient.
And, most of all be human. That’s what social media is all about.